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J Gastrointest Surg. 2015 Aug;19(8):1553-8. doi: 10.1007/s11605-015-2871-7. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

Intensive Versus Conventional Glycemic Control in Patients with Diabetes During Enteral Nutrition After Gastrectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Laparoscopic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study compared intensive and conventional glycemic management strategies in diabetic patients receiving enteral nutrition after gastrectomy.

METHODS:

Diabetic patients (n = 212) who underwent gastrectomy between September 2006 and March 2014 were randomized to intensive glycemic (IG) management with continuous insulin infusion (target glucose 4.4-6.1 mmol/l (80-110 mg/dl)) or conventional glycemic (CG) management with intermittent bolus insulin (target glucose <11.1 mmol/l (<200 mg/dl)). Outcomes included blood glucose concentrations, insulin administration, and postoperative morbidity and mortality.

RESULTS:

Blood glucose levels were lower (5.4 ± 1.2 vs. 9.5 ± 1.8 mmol/l, P < 0.001) and mean insulin dose was higher (55 ± 15 vs.32 ± 16 units/day, P < 0.001) in the IG than in the CG group. Rates of severe hypoglycemia (7.5 vs. 0.9%, P = 0.035) and achievement of target blood glucose (86.3 vs. 72.6%, P = 0.023) were higher, while severe hyperglycemia rate was lower (1.9 vs. 11.3%, P = 0.010), in the IG group. Surgical site infection rate was lower in the IG group (4.7 vs. 13.2%, P < 0.030). Rates of other infective complications, bleeding, delayed gastric emptying, obstruction, hepatic dysfunction, renal dysfunction, and circulatory insufficiency were similar in the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Intensive glycemic control in diabetic patients receiving enteral nutrition after gastrectomy was associated with a lower surgical site infection rate but a higher hypoglycemia rate.

PMID:
26084869
DOI:
10.1007/s11605-015-2871-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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