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Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2015 Aug;25(8):749-55. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2015.05.006. Epub 2015 May 19.

Higher serum triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio was associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in female patients on peritoneal dialysis.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Nephrology, Ministry of Health, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
2
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Nephrology, Ministry of Health, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address: yangxsysu@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

High serum triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio has been found to be an independent predictor for cardiovascular events in the general population. We aimed to evaluate whether a high TG/HDL-C ratio was associated with an increased risk of mortality in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In this single-center retrospective cohort study, 1170 incident patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2011 were recruited and followed up until 31 December 31 2013. The mean age was 47.4 ± 15.2 years, and 24.7% were diabetic. During a median of the 34.5-month follow-up period, 213 (18.2%) deaths occurred, 121 of which (56.8%) were caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD). The serum median TG/HDL-C ratio at baseline was 2.57 (range: 0.06-39.39). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, the highest quartile of the TG/HDL-C ratio (≥4.19) was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR) 1.98, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.17-3.36; P = 0.011) and CVD mortality (HR 2.28, 95% CI, 1.16-4.47; P = 0.017). For female patients, each one-unit higher baseline TG/HDL-C was associated with 13% (95% CI 1.06-1.22; P = 0.001) increased risk of CVD mortality, whereas such an association was not observed for male patients, (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.92-1.08; P = 0.977).

CONCLUSIONS:

A higher serum TG/HDL-C ratio was associated with an increased risk of all-cause and CVD mortality in PD patients. Moreover, the increased risk of CVD mortality was significantly higher in female than male PD patients.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular; Mortality; Peritoneal dialysis; Triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C ratio)

PMID:
26084271
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2015.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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