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PLoS One. 2015 Jun 17;10(6):e0128688. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128688. eCollection 2015.

Genome-Wide Specific Selection in Three Domestic Sheep Breeds.

Author information

1
Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China, Beijing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Commercial sheep raised for mutton grow faster than traditional Chinese sheep breeds. Here, we aimed to evaluate genetic selection among three different types of sheep breed: two well-known commercial mutton breeds and one indigenous Chinese breed.

RESULTS:

We first combined locus-specific branch lengths and di statistical methods to detect candidate regions targeted by selection in the three different populations. The results showed that the genetic distances reached at least medium divergence for each pairwise combination. We found these two methods were highly correlated, and identified many growth-related candidate genes undergoing artificial selection. For production traits, APOBR and FTO are associated with body mass index. For meat traits, ALDOA, STK32B and FAM190A are related to marbling. For reproduction traits, CCNB2 and SLC8A3 affect oocyte development. We also found two well-known genes, GHR (which affects meat production and quality) and EDAR (associated with hair thickness) were associated with German mutton merino sheep. Furthermore, four genes (POL, RPL7, MSL1 and SHISA9) were associated with pre-weaning gain in our previous genome-wide association study.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicated that combine locus-specific branch lengths and di statistical approaches can reduce the searching ranges for specific selection. And we got many credible candidate genes which not only confirm the results of previous reports, but also provide a suite of novel candidate genes in defined breeds to guide hybridization breeding.

PMID:
26083354
PMCID:
PMC4471085
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0128688
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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