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Mol Endocrinol. 1989 Oct;3(10):1515-22.

Expression of transforming growth factor-beta in the rat ventral prostate during castration-induced programmed cell death.

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1
Oncology Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.

Abstract

Castration-induced androgen deprivation leads to the activation of the programmed death of the androgen-dependent prostatic epithelial cells in the rat ventral prostate. In order to identify potential mediators of this programmed cell death, the expression of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) in the rat ventral prostate was studied, after castration induced-androgen withdrawal. Steady state levels of TGF beta mRNA were determined by Northern blot analysis and compared with mRNA levels for prostatein C3, the major androgen-dependent secretory protein of ventral prostate and also with mRNA levels for TRPM-2, a gene that is specifically expressed during castration induced prostatic cell death. Within the first day after castration there was a dramatic increase in the levels of TGF beta mRNA in the ventral prostate (approximately 10-fold) and by 4 days after castration TGF beta mRNA was maximally expressed (approximately 40-fold increase), by which time the androgen-dependent C3 secretory protein mRNA transcripts have diminished to undetectable levels. Androgen administration to 4-day castrated rats led to a marked decrease in TGF beta mRNA to a level comparable to its constitutive expression obtained in the intact control animals, indicating that expression of TGF beta in the rat ventral prostate is under negative androgenic regulation. The transcript levels encoding TRPM-2 initially increased 10-fold within the first day after castration and by day 4 post castration there was a dramatic increase (approximately 50-fold) which correlated well with the maximal rate of cell death of the androgen-dependent prostatic epithelial cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2608047
DOI:
10.1210/mend-3-10-1515
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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