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Vet Pathol. 2015 Nov;52(6):998-1011. doi: 10.1177/0300985815583098. Epub 2015 Jun 15.

A Review of Plasmodium coatneyi-Macaque Models of Severe Malaria.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand Lombardinied@afrims.org.
2
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand.
3
Mahidol Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
4
Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

Malaria remains one of the most significant public health concerns in the world today. Approximately half the human population is at risk for infection, with children and pregnant women being most vulnerable. More than 90% of the total human malaria burden, which numbers in excess of 200 million annually, is due to Plasmodium falciparum. Lack of an effective vaccine and a dwindling stockpile of antimalarial drugs due to increased plasmodial resistance underscore the critical need for valid animal models. Plasmodium coatneyi was described in Southeast Asia 50 years ago. This plasmodium of nonhuman primates has been used sporadically as a model for severe malaria, as it mimics many of the pathophysiologic features of human disease. This review covers the reported macroscopic, microscopic, ultrastructural, and molecular pathology of P. coatneyi infection in macaques, specifically focusing on the rhesus macaque, as well as describing the critical needs still outstanding in the validation of this crucial model of human disease.

KEYWORDS:

Plasmodium coatneyi; cerebral; macaque; malaria; model; pathology; pathophysiology; severe

PMID:
26077782
DOI:
10.1177/0300985815583098
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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