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Seizure. 2015 Jul;29:148-52. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2015.05.001. Epub 2015 May 11.

Association of TGFB, but not IL10, single nucleotide polymorphisms with febrile seizures.

Author information

1
Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran.
3
Molecular Immunology Research Center; and Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, The University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5
Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6
Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
7
Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Molecular Immunology Research Center; and Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: rezaei_nima@tums.ac.ir.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common convulsive event in children. Inflammatory elements and genetics seem to have major roles in their pathogenesis.

METHODS:

Seventy nine patients with FS were enrolled in this study and compared with 140 controls. Cytokine genotyping was performed, using polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers. The allele and genotype frequency of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the IL-10 gene at -1082, -819 and -592 positions (rs1800896, rs1800871, rs1800872), and two SNPs within the TGFB at codons 10 and 25 (rs1982037, rs1800471) were determined.

RESULTS:

No significant difference was detected in allelic frequency of IL-10 at -1082, -819 and -592 positions (rs1800896, rs1800871, rs1800872) and TGFB at codon 25 (rs1800471), between patients and controls. A significant negative association was observed at the codon 10/CT (rs1982037) in the patient group (OR, 0.5; 95%CI, 0.27-0.93; p=0.026). Further, a negative association was detected in patients with simple FS at same position (OR, 0.41; 95%CI, 0.18-0.93; p=0.03), thus revealing a protective effects in FS patients. There was no significant difference in allelic and genotype frequency between simple and complex FS samples. Furthermore, haplotype analysis revealed significant difference in frequency of TGFB/TC haplotype in comparison between complex FS patients and controls (p=0.048).

CONCLUSION:

Certain alleles, genotypes, and haplotypes in TGFB genes were over represented in patients with FS, which possibly could predispose individuals to this disease.

KEYWORDS:

Febrile seizure; Gene polymorphisms; Interleukin-10; TGF-β

PMID:
26076859
DOI:
10.1016/j.seizure.2015.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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