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J Trop Med Hyg. 1989 Dec;92(6):396-401.

Attachment of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae 01 to various freshwater plants and survival with a filamentous green alga, Rhizoclonium fontanum.

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Department of Tropical Hygiene, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK.


In Bangladesh, cholera epidemics occur twice a year. V. cholerae 01 are readily isolated from the environment only during epidemics. The interepidemic reservoirs or sites of survival and multiplication of V. cholerae are still unknown. Investigations were carried out with various fresh-water plants as possible reservoirs of V. cholerae in the environment. Attachment to and acute population changes of V. cholerae on various plant surfaces was used as a screening technique to screen a particular plant species for survival studies. Five plant species, Anabaena variabilis, Rhizoclonium fontanum, Cladophora sp., Fontinalis antipyretica and Elodea canadensis were used for attachment experiments. Among these plants, R. fontanum showed the best attachment. On the basis of attachment results, survival experiments were carried out with R. fontanum. At 0.05% salinity toxigenic V. cholerae 01 survive longer in the presence of R. fontanum than in medium without algae.

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