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J Nat Prod. 1989 Sep-Oct;52(5):982-6.

Inhibition of protein-tyrosine kinase activity by flavanoids and related compounds.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy and Pharmacal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.


A series of 22 flavanoids and related compounds were tested for their ability to inhibit the activity of a protein-tyrosine kinase purified from bovine thymocytes (p40). Flavones or flavanols with hydroxyl groups at C-5 and C-7 or with three hydroxyl groups on the phenyl ring were potent inhibitors of p40. The replacement of hydroxyl groups with methoxyl groups led to a substantial loss of inhibitory activity. The presence of methoxyl or rhamnosyl substituents at C-3 also abolished inhibitory activity. Kinetic analyses indicated that the flavone apigenin [2] was a competitive inhibitor of p40 with respect to ATP. Flavanones and isoflavones were relatively inactive as protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The isoflavone genistein [17], which has been reported as a potent inhibitor of both pp60(v=src) and the epidermal growth factor receptor, was not an inhibitor of p40.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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