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Bioinformatics. 2015 Jun 15;31(12):i357-64. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btv260.

Exploiting ontology graph for predicting sparsely annotated gene function.

Author information

1
Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA and Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.
2
Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA and Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA and Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

Systematically predicting gene (or protein) function based on molecular interaction networks has become an important tool in refining and enhancing the existing annotation catalogs, such as the Gene Ontology (GO) database. However, functional labels with only a few (<10) annotated genes, which constitute about half of the GO terms in yeast, mouse and human, pose a unique challenge in that any prediction algorithm that independently considers each label faces a paucity of information and thus is prone to capture non-generalizable patterns in the data, resulting in poor predictive performance. There exist a variety of algorithms for function prediction, but none properly address this 'overfitting' issue of sparsely annotated functions, or do so in a manner scalable to tens of thousands of functions in the human catalog.

RESULTS:

We propose a novel function prediction algorithm, clusDCA, which transfers information between similar functional labels to alleviate the overfitting problem for sparsely annotated functions. Our method is scalable to datasets with a large number of annotations. In a cross-validation experiment in yeast, mouse and human, our method greatly outperformed previous state-of-the-art function prediction algorithms in predicting sparsely annotated functions, without sacrificing the performance on labels with sufficient information. Furthermore, we show that our method can accurately predict genes that will be assigned a functional label that has no known annotations, based only on the ontology graph structure and genes associated with other labels, which further suggests that our method effectively utilizes the similarity between gene functions.

AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION:

https://github.com/wangshenguiuc/clusDCA.

PMID:
26072504
PMCID:
PMC4542782
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/btv260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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