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Fertil Steril. 2015 Aug;104(2):440-51.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.05.009. Epub 2015 Jun 13.

Exploratory randomized trial on the effect of a brief psychological intervention on emotions, quality of life, discontinuation, and pregnancy rates in in vitro fertilization patients.

Author information

1
Domar Center for Mind/Body Health, Boston IVF, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: domar@domarcenter.com.
2
Domar Center for Mind/Body Health, Boston IVF, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
3
Cardiff Fertility Studies Research Group, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether a brief self-administered cognitive coping and relaxation intervention (CCRI) would lead to decreased treatment termination in in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients compared with routine care (RC).

DESIGN:

Randomized, controlled, prospective study.

SETTING:

Private academically affiliated infertility center.

PATIENT(S):

One hundred sixty-six women about to begin their first IVF cycle.

INTERVENTION(S):

Randomization to the self-administered CCRI or RC control group and then observation for 12 months.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Treatment discontinuation within 12 months (primary outcome), clinical pregnancy rate and psychological well-being (secondary outcomes).

RESULT(S):

The 12-month pregnancy rate was similar for the RC and CCRI groups (odds ratio [OR] 1.02; 95% CI, 0.53-1.98). Of the patients who were not pregnant on the first cycle, 15 of 46 (15.2%) patients assigned to RC discontinued compared with 5 of 55 (5.5%) patients assigned to the CCRI (OR 3.11; 95% CI, 0.756-12.80). The CCRI group engaged in statistically significantly more positive reappraisal coping (OR 0.275; 95% CI, 0.16, 0.39) than the RC control group (OR 0.097; 95% CI, -0.03, .23). The CCRI group had an improved Fertility Quality of Life (FertiQoL CORE: OR 4.07; 95% CI, 2.07, 6.06; FertiQoL Emotional: OR 5.95; 95% CI, 2.89, 9.00) compared with the control group (Core OR: 0.67; 95% CI, -1.55, 2.89; Emotional: OR -0.02, 95% CI, -3.36, 3.32). The CCRI group reported less global anxiety (OR 0.275; 95% CI, 0.16, 0.39) than the control group (OR 0.471; 95% CI, -2.40, 3.34). The CCRI reported positive evaluations for the intervention (e.g., ease of use, helpfulness, perceived stress reduction).

CONCLUSION(S):

Use of the CCRI tool led to improved psychological status but not statistically significantly more treatment cycles or a higher pregnancy rate.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

NCT01318291.

KEYWORDS:

Cognitive coping and relaxation intervention; IVF; Positive Reappraisal Coping Intervention; compliance; depression; discontinuation; dropout; stress management

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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