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Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2015 Sep;23(7):822-7. doi: 10.1177/0218492315589197. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Is radial artery Doppler scanning mandatory for use as coronary bypass conduit?

Author information

1
National Heart Institute, New Delhi, India.
2
National Heart Institute, New Delhi, India dockundu@yahoo.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Screening of the radial artery prior to harvesting as a conduit for coronary bypass may be performed clinically by the Allen test or by Doppler ultrasound. In a developing country like ours, the use of resources for Doppler studies may be questioned when Allen tests lead to a low rate of clinical sequelae. However, the rare occurrence of hand ischemia may be devastating and could justify the routine use of Doppler screening. This study aimed to address this question.

METHODS:

One hundred patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were screened by the modified Allen test and Doppler ultrasound for suitability of use of a radial artery conduit. After harvesting, proximal and distal segments of the radial artery were subjected to histopathological examination.

RESULTS:

Of the 95 patients deemed suitable for radial artery grafting, 6 had mild calcification on Doppler ultrasound and 9 had calcification on histopathological examination. While Doppler showed atherosclerosis in 9 patients, only 6 had histopathological evidence of this (false-positive rate 3%). Of the 6 patients with histopathologic evidence of atherosclerosis, 2 were negative on Doppler (false-negative rate 2%).

CONCLUSION:

Routine preoperative Doppler screening of the radial artery in the setting of limited resources is not justified. On the other hand, the time-tested Allen test which is easy to perform, interpret, and reproduce can be safely used as the sole screening test to harvest the radial artery.

KEYWORDS:

Collateral circulation; coronary artery bypass; hand; pathology; radial artery; tissue and organ harvesting

PMID:
26071450
DOI:
10.1177/0218492315589197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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