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Accid Anal Prev. 2015 Sep;82:101-11. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.038. Epub 2015 Jun 9.

Effects of introducing an administrative .05% blood alcohol concentration limit on law enforcement patterns and alcohol-related collisions in Canada.

Author information

1
School of Criminology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Interuniversity Research Centre on Enterprise Networks, Logistics and Transportation (CIRRELT), Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: Etienne.blais@umontreal.ca.
2
Interuniversity Research Centre on Enterprise Networks, Logistics and Transportation (CIRRELT), Montréal, Québec, Canada; HEC Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
3
The French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Development and Networks (IFSTTAR), France.

Abstract

Except for Quebec, all Canadian provinces have introduced administrative laws to lower the permitted blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to .05% or .04% for driving-or having the care of-a motor vehicle. Using linear mixed effects models for longitudinal data, this study evaluates the effect of administrative BAC laws on fatal alcohol related crashes and law enforcement patterns in Canada from 1987 to 2010. Results reveal a significant decrease of 3.7% (95% C.I.: 0.9-6.5%) in fatally injured drivers with a BAC level equal or greater than .05% following the introduction of these laws. Reductions were also observed for fatally injured drivers with BAC levels greater that .08% and .15%. The introduction of administrative BAC laws led neither to significant changes in the rate of driving while impaired (DWI) incidents reported by police officers nor in the probability of being charged for DWI under the Criminal Code.

KEYWORDS:

.05% BAC laws; Canada; Driving while impaired; Fatally injured drivers; Law enforcement; Longitudinal data

PMID:
26070016
DOI:
10.1016/j.aap.2015.04.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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