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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1989 Dec;67(6):2527-34.

Effects of hypothermia on rat brain pHi and phosphate metabolite regulation by 31P-NMR.

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Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.


The effects of arterial alphastat regulation on brain intracellular pH (pHi) and several phosphate metabolites were assessed in anesthetized rats during hypothermia (28.6 +/- 0.2 degrees C) and normothermia (36.2 +/- 0.2 degrees C) by using 31P high-field (8.5 T) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). There were significant differences in pHi and metabolite ratios at the two temperatures under conditions of equal minute ventilation. During hypothermia, the brain pHi was 0.09 U higher, the phosphocreatine-to-inorganic phosphate (PCR/Pi) ratio 49% larger, and Pi-to-ATP 20% lower than at normothermia. These changes were fully reversible on warming the animal. The change in brain pHi/temperature was -0.011U/degrees C (95% confidence interval -0.007 to -0.016). The brain's ability to regulate its pHi and phosphate metabolism during hypercapnic acid-base stress was studied by using 10% CO2 ventilation. Hypothermic rats showed a larger fall in brain pHi (0.145 +/- 0.01 U, 7.15-7.01) with 10% CO2 than normothermic rats (0.10 +/- 0.02 U, 7.06-6.96). Similarly ventilated rats had a larger fall in arterial pH with 10% CO2 at hypothermia (0.36 +/- 0.04 U) than normothermia (0.24 +/- 0.01 U), so the delta brain pH/delta arterial pH was the same at both temperatures. The brain PCr-to-Pi ratio decreased approximately 20% during 10% CO2 breathing in both hypothermic and normothermic animals. Brain pHi and metabolite ratios returned to base line 30-50 min after CO2 washout in both groups. In summary, lowering body temperature while maintaining constant ventilation leads to changes in brain pHi and metabolites.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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