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Sci Rep. 2015 Jun 11;5:10988. doi: 10.1038/srep10988.

Kirigami-based stretchable lithium-ion batteries.

Author information

1
School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.
2
School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.
3
1] School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA [2] Desert Vista High School, Phoenix, AZ 85048, USA.
4
MOE Key Lab of Disaster Forecast and Control in Engineering, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China.
5
1] School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA [2] School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA.

Abstract

We have produced stretchable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) using the concept of kirigami, i.e., a combination of folding and cutting. The designated kirigami patterns have been discovered and implemented to achieve great stretchability (over 150%) to LIBs that are produced by standardized battery manufacturing. It is shown that fracture due to cutting and folding is suppressed by plastic rolling, which provides kirigami LIBs excellent electrochemical and mechanical characteristics. The kirigami LIBs have demonstrated the capability to be integrated and power a smart watch, which may disruptively impact the field of wearable electronics by offering extra physical and functionality design spaces.

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