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Ann Hum Biol. 2016;43(1):57-66. doi: 10.3109/03014460.2015.1006678. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

The maternal perspective for five Slovenian regions: The importance of regional sampling.

Author information

1
a Department of Molecular Genetics , Institute of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana , Ljubljana , Slovenia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Slovenian territory is geographically positioned between the Alps, Adriatic Sea, Pannonian basin and the Dinaric Mountains and, as such, has served as a passageway for various populations in different periods of time. Turbulent historic events and diverse geography of the region have produced a diverse contemporary population whose genetic analysis could provide insight into past demographic events.

AIM:

The aims of this study were to characterize the Slovenian mitochondrial gene pool at the micro-geographic level and to compare it with surrounding populations.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A total of 402 individuals from five Slovenian regions were analysed in this study by typing HVR I, HVR II and coding region polymorphisms of mtDNA.

RESULTS:

Analysis revealed 47 haplogroups and sub-haplogroups, the most common of which were H*, H1, J1c, T2 and U5a. Intra-population comparisons revealed a sharp gradient of the J1c haplogroup between Slovenian regions, with a peak frequency of 24.5% being observed in the population of the Littoral Region.

CONCLUSION:

The sharp gradient of the J1c haplogroup between Slovenian regions is in line with the archaeological horizon known as Impressed Ware culture and could, therefore, represent a genetic trace of the early Neolithic expansion route along the East Adriatic coastal region.

KEYWORDS:

Impressed ware culture; J1c haplogroup; Slavs; Slovenian population; mtDNA diversity; neolithic

PMID:
26065896
DOI:
10.3109/03014460.2015.1006678
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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