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Food Chem Toxicol. 1989 Oct;27(10):691-8.

The toxicity of p-aminophenol in the Sprague-Dawley rat: effects on growth, reproduction and foetal development.

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1
Clairol Research Laboratories, Stamford, CT 06902.

Abstract

p-Aminophenol (p-AP) was fed in the diet to groups of 40 male and 45 female Sprague-Dawley rats at levels of 0.07, 0.2 or 0.7% for up to 6 months. Methaemoglobin levels were determined after 6 wk. During wk 12, urine was collected from ten rats/sex/group for evaluation of mutagenicity in the Ames test. Clinical chemistry, haematology and histopathology studies were performed in subgroups after 13 and 27 wk. In addition, after 13 wk, 25 females/group were mated to untreated males in a teratology study. After 20 wk, 20 males/group were removed from the test diets and mated to untreated virgin females in a dominant lethal mutagenicity study. These males remained untreated until they were killed at 27 wk. Rats that had been maintained on the test diets throughout the study were also killed at wk 27. The high dose level of 0.7% p-AP resulted in a significant (10-15%) reduction in body-weight gain in both sexes. There was no increase in the level of methaemoglobin and, other than slight reductions in total erythrocytes and haemoglobin in female rats at 13 wk, there were no toxicologically important differences between groups in haematology or clinical chemistry values at any time during the 27 wk of treatment. Dose-related nephrosis was seen in both sexes after 13 and 27 wk and in the high-dose males that were removed from the test diet for a 7-wk recovery period. The compound was not teratogenic, but an increase in developmental variations associated with maternal toxicity was noted at the mid- and high-dose levels. In the dominant lethal study, an increase in the total number of resorptions (but not litters with resorptions) was observed in the high-dose group in the first of two matings but this observation was not confirmed in a follow-up study. Mutagenic activity was not detected in the urine of rats fed p-AP.

PMID:
2606405
DOI:
10.1016/0278-6915(89)90124-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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