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Pediatr Obes. 2016 Jun;11(3):161-5. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12035. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Do family meals affect childhood overweight or obesity?: nationwide survey 2008-2012.

Lee HJ1,2, Lee SY1,2, Park EC2,3.

Author information

1
Department of Health Policy and Management, Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
2
Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing worldwide and this trend is no exception for South Korea. A multidisciplinary approach is needed for the prevention and management of childhood obesity. To do so, among many other strategies, managing the family unit can be a very effective strategy.

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between frequency of family meals and overweight/obesity in elementary students and to suggest the management and prevention strategies of childhood obesity.

METHODS:

Data from a total of 2904 elementary students were analyzed from the 2008-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between overweight/obesity and family meals.

RESULTS:

Of the total 2904 elementary students, 573 (19.4%) were overweight or obese. The odds ratio of overweight or obese students who had family dinner only was 1.21 (95% CI: 0.89-1.64), that of those who had family breakfast only was 3.20 (95% CI: 1.70-6.02), and that of those who had neither family breakfast nor family dinner was 4.17 (95% CI: 1.98-8.78) compared with those who had both family breakfast and family dinner.

CONCLUSIONS:

The frequency of family meals was strongly an inverse association with childhood overweight or obesity. Therefore, we suggest that the intervention of childhood obesity should include family meals.

KEYWORDS:

Elementary students; family meals; overweight or obesity

PMID:
26061428
DOI:
10.1111/ijpo.12035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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