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Nutrients. 2015 Jun 4;7(6):4480-97. doi: 10.3390/nu7064480.

Prebiotics Modulate the Effects of Antibiotics on Gut Microbial Diversity and Functioning in Vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK. L.johnson12@imperial.ac.uk.
2
Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH, UK. g.e.walton@reading.ac.uk.
3
Section of Investigative Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0HS, UK. ap811@cam.ac.uk.
4
Section of Investigative Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0HS, UK. g.frost@imperial.ac.uk.
5
Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH, UK. g.r.gibson@reading.ac.uk.
6
Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK. t.barraclough@imperial.ac.uk.

Abstract

Intestinal bacteria carry out many fundamental roles, such as the fermentation of non-digestible dietary carbohydrates to produce short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which can affect host energy levels and gut hormone regulation. Understanding how to manage this ecosystem to improve human health is an important but challenging goal. Antibiotics are the front line of defence against pathogens, but in turn they have adverse effects on indigenous microbial diversity and function. Here, we have investigated whether dietary supplementation--another method used to modulate gut composition and function--could be used to ameliorate the side effects of antibiotics. We perturbed gut bacterial communities with gentamicin and ampicillin in anaerobic batch cultures in vitro. Cultures were supplemented with either pectin (a non-fermentable fibre), inulin (a commonly used prebiotic that promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria) or neither. Although antibiotics often negated the beneficial effects of dietary supplementation, in some treatment combinations, notably ampicillin and inulin, dietary supplementation ameliorated the effects of antibiotics. There is therefore potential for using supplements to lessen the adverse effects of antibiotics. Further knowledge of such mechanisms could lead to better therapeutic manipulation of the human gut microbiota.

KEYWORDS:

antibiotics; fibre; gut microbiota; prebiotics

PMID:
26053617
PMCID:
PMC4488797
DOI:
10.3390/nu7064480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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