Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2015 Sep;50(9):1227-34. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2015.133. Epub 2015 Jun 8.

Quantitative characterization of T-cell repertoire in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.

Author information

1
Section of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
2
Human Genome Center, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Health Intelligence Center, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Department of Surgery, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is one of curative treatment options for patients with hematologic malignancies. Although GVHD mediated by the donor's T lymphocytes remains the most challenging toxicity of allo-HSCT, graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect targeting leukemic cells, has an important role in affecting the overall outcome of patients with AML. Here we comprehensively characterized the TCR repertoire in patients who underwent matched donor or haplo-cord HSCT using next-generation sequencing approach. Our study defines the functional kinetics of each TCRA and TCRB clone, and changes in T-cell diversity (with identification of CDR3 sequences) and the extent of clonal expansion of certain T-cells. Using this approach, our study demonstrates that higher percentage of cord-blood cells at 30 days after transplant was correlated with higher diversity of TCR repertoire, implicating the role of cord-chimerism in enhancing immune recovery. Importantly, we found that GVHD and relapse, exclusive of each other, were correlated with lower TCR repertoire diversity and expansion of certain T-cell clones. Our results highlight novel insights into the balance between GVHD and GVL effect, suggesting that higher diversity early after transplant possibly implies lower risks of both GVHD and relapse following the HSCT transplantation.

PMID:
26052909
PMCID:
PMC4559843
DOI:
10.1038/bmt.2015.133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center