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Biochemistry. 1989 Oct 31;28(22):8811-8.

Recognition properties of antisense peptides to Arg8-vasopressin/bovine neurophysin II biosynthetic precursor sequences.

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National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


We studied the interaction properties of synthetic antisense (AS) peptides encoded in the antisense strand of DNA corresponding to the N-terminal 20-residue sequence of the biosynthetic precursor of Arg8-vasopressin (AVP) and its binding protein bovine neurophysin II (BNPII). Binding affinities of sense polypeptides AVP and BNPII with AS peptides were measured by analytical affinity chromatography, in each case by the extent of chromatographic retardation of a soluble polypeptide interactor on an affinity matrix containing the other interactor as the immobilized species. Chromatographically calculated dissociation constants ranged from 10(-3) to 10(-6) M. Experiments were carried out to define the selectivity and underlying forces involved in the AS peptide interactions. For AS peptide elutions on sense peptide affinity supports, reduced binding affinity with increasing 1-propanol concentration and ionic strength suggested the presence of both ionic and hydrophobic contributions to AS peptide/immobilized sense peptide recognition. This same conclusion was reached with the antisense peptides as the immobilized species and measurement of elution of sequence-simplified, truncated, and charge-depleted forms of sense peptides. Immobilized AS 20-mer affinity matrix differentially retarded AVP versus oxytocin (OT) and BNPII versus BNPI (the neurophysin related biosynthetically to OT) and was used to separate these polypeptides from acid extracts of bovine posterior pituitaries. In addition, immobilized AS 12-mer corresponding to AVP-Gly-Lys-Arg could be used to separate AVP from OT. The results confirm that antisense peptides recognize sense peptides with significant selectivity in the AVP/BNPII precursor case.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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