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Behav Brain Res. 2015 Oct 1;292:56-67. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2015.05.058. Epub 2015 Jun 5.

Frontal alpha asymmetry as a pathway to behavioural withdrawal in depression: Research findings and issues.

Author information

1
Brain-Behaviour Research Group, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
2
Brain-Behaviour Research Group, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia; Centre for Autism Spectrum Disorders, Bond University, Robina, Qld 4229, Australia. Electronic address: csharpl3@une.edu.au.
3
Centre for Autism Spectrum Disorders, Bond University, Robina, Qld 4229, Australia.

Abstract

Depression has been described as a process of behavioural withdrawal from overwhelming aversive stressors, and which manifests itself in the diagnostic symptomatology for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The underlying neurobiological pathways to that behavioural withdrawal are suggested to include greater activation in the right vs the left frontal lobes, described as frontal EEG asymmetry. However, despite a previous meta-analysis that provided overall support for this EEG asymmetry hypothesis, inconsistencies and several methodological confounds exist. The current review examines the literature on this issue, identifies inconsistencies in findings and discusses several key research issues that require addressing for this field to move towards a defensible theoretical model of depression and EEG asymmetry. In particular, the position of EEG asymmetry in the brain, measurement of severity and symptoms profiles of depression, and the effects of gender are considered as potential avenues to more accurately define the specific nature of the depression-EEG asymmetry association.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Assessment; Depression; EEG asymmetry

PMID:
26051816
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbr.2015.05.058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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