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Neuron. 2015 Jun 17;86(6):1461-77. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.05.023. Epub 2015 Jun 4.

Cortical Feedback Decorrelates Olfactory Bulb Output in Awake Mice.

Author information

1
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.
2
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA; Watson School of Biological Sciences, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA. Electronic address: albeanu@cshl.edu.

Abstract

The olfactory bulb receives rich glutamatergic projections from the piriform cortex. However, the dynamics and importance of these feedback signals remain unknown. Here, we use multiphoton calcium imaging to monitor cortical feedback in the olfactory bulb of awake mice and further probe its impact on the bulb output. Responses of feedback boutons were sparse, odor specific, and often outlasted stimuli by several seconds. Odor presentation either enhanced or suppressed the activity of boutons. However, any given bouton responded with stereotypic polarity across multiple odors, preferring either enhancement or suppression. Feedback representations were locally diverse and differed in dynamics across bulb layers. Inactivation of piriform cortex increased odor responsiveness and pairwise similarity of mitral cells but had little impact on tufted cells. We propose that cortical feedback differentially impacts these two output channels of the bulb by specifically decorrelating mitral cell responses to enable odor separation.

PMID:
26051422
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2015.05.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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