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Nutr Hosp. 2015 Jun 1;31(6):2561-70. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.6.8732.

Impact of the consumption of a rich diet in butter and it replacement for a rich diet in extra virgin olive oil on anthropometric, metabolic and lipid profile in postmenopausal women.

Author information

1
Universidad del Zulia, Laboratorio de Investigación y Desarrollo en Nutrición. Universidad de Córdoba, Doctorado en Nutrición y Metabolismo.. hazelanderson2001@yahoo.es.
2
Universidad de Córdoba, Doctorado en Nutrición y Metabolismo. Unidad de Lípidos y Ateroesclerosis. IMIBIC/Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia, Universidad de Córdoba, and CIBER Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, España.. cwanden.el@uch.ceu.es.
3
Universidad del Zulia, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas, Venezuela.. cwanden.el@uch.ceu.es.
4
Hospital General Universitario de Alicante. Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera (Elche), España.. cwanden.el@uch.ceu.es.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the impact of the substitution of a rich diet in saturated fats with a rich diet in monounsaturated fats on anthropometric, metabolic and lipid profile in postmenopausal women.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A prospective, longitudinal and comparative study where 18 postmenopausal women participated in two periods of dietary intervention of 28 days each one: 1) (SAT diet) consumed butter. Caloric formula (CF) = 15% protein, 38% fat. [20% saturated fat (SFA), 12% monounsaturated fat (MUFA) and 47% carbohydrates and 6% polyunsaturated (PUFA)]. b) Period MONO: with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO). CF = 15% protein, 38% fat (<10% SFA, 22% PUFA and 6% MUFA) and 47% carbohydrates. Size and body composition, glucose, insulin, HOMA, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C, TG, TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C and non-HDL-C/HDL.C were measured; dietary Anamnesis/24 hours, daily food record. ANOVA and Bonferroni statistical analysis (SPSS 20) was applied.

RESULTS:

The age was 56 ± 5 years, BMI 29.8 ± 3.1 kg/m2, waist circumference: 93.2 ± 10.1 cm, waist/hip ratio: 0.86 ± 0.14, waist/height: 0.59 ± 0.06 and 38.6 ± 4% body fat (NS). Lipid profile: SAT diet increased TC (p <0.001), LDL-C (p <0.002) and non HDL-Cholesterol (p <0.000), HDL-C increased in MONO diet (p <0.000). SAT diet: TC/HDL-c ratio, Non col HDL-c/HDL-c, LDL-c/HDL-c (p <0.000) and TG/HDL-c (p <0.000). In MONO diet decreased TC/HDL-c (p <0.015) and TG/HDL-c (p <0.016).

CONCLUSIONS:

The SAT diet increased cardiovascular risk, while the MONO diet decreased the risk to develop the metabolic syndrome components and choronary heart disease.

PMID:
26040366
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2015.31.6.8732
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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