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Am J Physiol. 1989 Dec;257(6 Pt 2):R1315-21.

Anorexic effects of interleukin 1 in the rat.

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Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Interleukin 1 (IL-1) administration produces anorexia. Among unanswered questions about this effect are 1) whether it plays a role in the cachexia associated with chronic infection and cancer, and 2) whether IL-1 acts directly on food intake or indirectly by first lowering the set point for body weight. To investigate these questions, rats were infused with recombinant IL-1 continuously for 14 days through osmotic minipumps. Tolerance to the anorexic effects of the infusion developed within a few days. Control experiments showed that neither loss of IL-1 potency nor failure in the delivery system were responsible for recovery of food intake. Prior weight reduction completely overrode the anorexic effects of IL-1; previously food-restricted rats were hyperphagic initially despite receiving IL-1. This result is consistent with the view that IL-1 lowers the set point for body weight, but the development of tolerance prevented the full evaluation of this interpretation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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