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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2015 Feb-Apr;23(2):275-82. doi: 10.1590/0104-1169.0022.2552. Epub 2015 Apr 14.

The causes of bullying: results from the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE).

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

Author information

1
Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
2
Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Brasília, DF, Brazil.
3
Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to identify the characteristics and reasons reported by Brazilian students for school bullying.

METHOD:

this cross-sectional study uses data from an epidemiological survey (National Survey of School Health) conducted in 2012. A total of 109,104 9th grade students from private and public schools participated. Data were collected through a self-applied questionnaire and the analysis was performed using SPSS, version 20, Complex Samples Module.

RESULTS:

the prevalence of bullying was 7.2%, most frequently affecting Afro-descendant or indigenous younger boys, whose mothers were characterized by low levels of education. In regard to the reasons/causes of bullying, 51.2% did not specify; the second highest frequency of victimization was related to body appearance (18.6%); followed by facial appearance (16.2%); race/color (6.8%); sexual orientation 2.9%; religion 2.5%; and region of origin 1.7%. The results are similar to those found in other sociocultural contexts.

CONCLUSION:

the problem belongs to the health field because it gathers aspects that determine the students' health-disease-care continuum.

PMID:
26039298
PMCID:
PMC4459001
DOI:
10.1590/0104-1169.0022.2552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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