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Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jun;94(22):e925. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000925.

Exome-Wide Association Study Identifies New Low-Frequency and Rare UGT1A1 Coding Variants and UGT1A6 Coding Variants Influencing Serum Bilirubin in Elderly Subjects: A Strobe Compliant Article.

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1
From the Inserm, NGERE - Nutrition, Genetics, and Environmental Risk Exposure (AO, R-MG-R, CC, PR, J-PB, J-LG); Faculty of Medicine of Nancy, University of Lorraine (AO, R-MG-R, CC, J-PB, J-LG); University Hospital of Nancy, Department of Molecular Medicine and Personalized Therapeutics, Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Nutrition, and Metabolism (AO, R-MG-R, CC, TJ, J-LG); Reference Centre for Inherited Metabolic Diseases (ORPHA67872), Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France (AO, R-MG-R, CC, TJ, J-LG); IRCCS, Oasi Maria SS-Institute for Research on Mental Retardation, Troina (PB, GA, RS, AR, ME); Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, UCSC, CI Columbus, Roma, Italy (AR); and Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital of Nancy, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France (J-PB).

Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified loci contributing to total serum bilirubin level. However, no exome-wide approaches have been performed to address this question. Using exome-wide approach, we assessed the influence of protein-coding variants on unconjugated, conjugated, and total serum bilirubin levels in a well-characterized cohort of 773 ambulatory elderly subjects from Italy. Coding variants were replicated in 227 elderly subjects from the same area. We identified 4 missense rare (minor allele frequency, MAF < 0.5%) and low-frequency (MAF, 0.5%-5%) coding variants located in the first exon of the UGT1A1 gene, which encodes for the substrate-binding domain (rs4148323 [MAF = 0.06%; p.Gly71Arg], rs144398951 [MAF = 0.06%; p.Ile215Val], rs35003977 [MAF = 0.78%; p.Val225Gly], and rs57307513 [MAF = 0.06%; p.Ser250Pro]). These variants were in strong linkage disequilibrium with 3 intronic UGT1A1 variants (rs887829, rs4148325, rs6742078), which were significantly associated with total bilirubin level (P = 2.34 × 10(-34), P = 7.02 × 10(-34), and P = 8.27 × 10(-34)), as well as unconjugated, and conjugated bilirubin levels. We also identified UGT1A6 variants in association with total (rs6759892, p.Ser7Ala, P = 1.98 × 10(-26); rs2070959, p.Thr181Ala, P = 2.87 × 10(-27); and rs1105879, p.Arg184Ser, P = 3.27 × 10(-29)), unconjugated, and conjugated bilirubin levels. All UGT1A1 intronic variants (rs887829, rs6742078, and rs4148325) and UGT1A6 coding variants (rs6759892, rs2070959, and rs1105879) were significantly associated with gallstone-related cholecystectomy risk. The UGT1A6 variant rs2070959 (p.Thr181Ala) was associated with the highest risk of gallstone-related cholecystectomy (OR, 4.58; 95% CI, 1.58-13.28; P = 3.21 × 10(-3)). Using an exome-wide approach we identified coding variants on UGT1A1 and UGT1A6 genes in association with serum bilirubin level and hyperbilirubinemia risk in elderly subjects. UGT1A1 intronic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs6742078, rs887829, rs4148324) serve as proxy markers for the low-frequency and rare UGT1A1 variants, thereby providing mechanistic explanation to the relationship between UGT1A1 intronic SNPs and the UGT1A1 enzyme activity. UGT1A1 and UGT1A6 variants might be potentially associated with gallstone-related cholecystectomy risk.

PMID:
26039129
PMCID:
PMC4616369
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000000925
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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