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J Physiol Biochem. 2015 Sep;71(3):381-90. doi: 10.1007/s13105-015-0418-8. Epub 2015 Jun 4.

S-resistin, a non secretable resistin isoform, impairs the insulin signalling pathway in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

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Área de Bioquímica. Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales y Bioquímica, Centro Regional de Investigaciones Biomédicas (CRIB), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Av. Carlos III s/n, 45071, Toledo, Spain.


S-resistin is a non-secretable resistin spliced variant, which is expressed mainly in the white adipose tissue from Wistar rats. Previous results confirmed that 3T3-L1 cells expressing s-resistin (3T3-L1-s-res) showed an inflammatory response and exhibited a decrease in glucose transport, both basal and insulin-stimulated. Here we present evidences demonstrating for the first time that s-resistin, like resistin, blocks insulin signalling pathway by inhibiting insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate 1, protein kinase B/Akt and the mammalian target of rapamycin phosphorylation, and increasing the suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 levels being the later probably due to augmented of leptin expression. Thus, our data suggest that s-resistin could act by a still unknown intracrine pathway as an intracellular sensor, regulating the adipocyte insulin sensitivity.

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