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Case Rep Ophthalmol. 2015 Apr 30;6(1):143-8. doi: 10.1159/000430087. eCollection 2015 Jan-Apr.

A Case of Acute Bilateral Irvine-Gass Syndrome following Uncomplicated Phacoemulsification, Demonstrated with Optical Coherence Tomography.

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1
Parke Street Specialist Centre, Katoomba, N.S.W., Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report a case of acute bilateral Irvine-Gass syndrome.

METHODS:

This is an observational case report.

RESULTS:

An 82-year-old man with no significant ocular history developed postsurgical pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME; Irvine-Gass syndrome) on consecutive phacoemulsification cataract surgeries. His initial first-eye (left) CME developed 25 days after surgery and was managed with topical preparations of dexamethasone 0.1% and ketorolac 0.4%, in addition to a routine post-cataract surgery drop regime. His left CME resolved completely on optical coherence tomography (OCT) by day 100, and he subsequently (after extensive discussion of CME risks) underwent cataract surgery on his right eye. He was commenced prophylactically on dexamethasone, ketorolac and oral indomethacin 25 mg t.d.s. immediately after surgery; however, he later developed CME (OD) on day 32 postoperatively. Within 6 months, he achieved complete resolution of his CME in both eyes. His clinical course was documented with serial OCT studies.

CONCLUSION:

Irvine-Gass syndrome remains an important differential diagnosis in the evaluation of blurred vision after cataract surgery, despite decreasing incidence. Those who experience CME following their first cataract operation should be counseled about the risks of developing the condition in the contralateral eye, despite prophylactic measures.

KEYWORDS:

Cataract surgery; Cystoid macular edema, bilateral; Irvine-Gass syndrome; Optical coherence tomography

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