Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Med. 2015 Jun 1;13:128. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0368-6.

Impact of statin therapy on mortality in patients with sepsis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) depends on ARDS severity: a prospective observational cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, D-37075, Goettingen, Germany. ashham.mansur@med.uni-goettingen.de.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, D-37075, Goettingen, Germany. m.steinau@gmx.de.
3
Department of Cardiothoracic Transplantation & Mechanical Support, Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospital, Harefield, Hill End Road, UB9 6JH, London, UK. a.popov@rbht.nhs.uk.
4
Department of General and Visceral Surgery, University Medical Center, Georg August University, D-37075, Goettingen, Germany. mghadim@uni-goettingen.de.
5
Department of Medical Statistics, University Medical Center, Georg August University, D-37075, Goettingen, Germany. tim.beissbarth@ams.med.uni-goettingen.de.
6
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, D-37075, Goettingen, Germany. martin.bauer@med.uni-goettingen.de.
7
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Georg August University, D-37075, Goettingen, Germany. jhinz@med.uni-goettingen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Previous investigations have presumed a potential therapeutic effect of statin therapy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Statins are expected to attenuate inflammation in the lungs of patients with ARDS due to their anti-inflammatory effects. Clinical investigations of the role of statin therapy have revealed contradictory results. This study aimed to investigate whether pretreatment and continuous therapy with statins in patients with sepsis-associated ARDS are associated with 28-day survival according to disease severity (mild, moderate, or severe).

METHODS:

Patients with sepsis-associated ARDS from the surgical intensive care were enrolled in this prospective observational investigation. ARDS was classified into three groups (mild, moderate, and severe); 28-day mortality was recorded as the primary outcome variable and organ failure was recorded as secondary outcome variable. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores and the requirements for organ support were evaluated throughout the observational period to assess organ failure.

RESULTS:

404 patients with sepsis-associated ARDS were enrolled in this investigation. The distribution of the ARDS subgroups was 13 %, 59 %, and 28 % for mild, moderate, and severe disease, respectively. Statin therapy improved 28-day survival exclusively in the patients with severe ARDS compared with patients without statin therapy (88.5 % and 62.5 %, respectively; P = 0.0193). To exclude the effects of several confounders, we performed multivariate Cox regression analysis, which showed that statin therapy remained a significant covariate for mortality (hazard ratio, 5.46; 95 % CI, 1.38-21.70; P = 0.0156). Moreover, after carrying a propensity score-matching in the severe ARDS cohort, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis confirmed the improved 28-day survival among patients with statin therapy (P = 0.0205). Patients with severe ARDS who received statin therapy had significantly more vasopressor-free days compared with those without statin therapy (13 ± 7 and 9 ± 7, respectively; P = 0.0034), and they also required less extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy and had more ECMO-free days (18 ± 9 and 15 ± 9, respectively; P = 0.0873).

CONCLUSIONS:

This investigation suggests a beneficial effect of continuous statin therapy in patients with severe sepsis-associated ARDS and a history of prior statin therapy. Further study is warranted to elucidate this potential effect.

PMID:
26033076
PMCID:
PMC4462111
DOI:
10.1186/s12916-015-0368-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center