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Life Sci. 2015 Aug 1;134:22-9. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2015.05.008. Epub 2015 May 30.

Statin treatment decreases serum angiostatin levels in patients with ischemic heart disease.

Author information

1
Department of Enzyme Chemistry & Biochemistry, Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine. Electronic address: artem_tykhomyrov@ukr.net.
2
Department of Biophysics & Biochemistry, Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
3
Department of Hospital Therapy No. 1 and Occupational Diseases, State Establishment "Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine", Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
4
Department of Enzyme Chemistry & Biochemistry, Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Abstract

AIM:

Angiogenesis and chronic inflammation are known to be co-dependent in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. This study was undertaken to investigate whether simvastatin could affect serum levels of angiostatin, a potent endogenous inhibitor of neovascularization, in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD).

MAIN METHODS:

Twenty-six patients with clinically confirmed IHD and hypercholesterolemia were assigned 40 mg/day of simvastatin for 8 weeks. Levels of lipid metabolism, C-reactive protein (C-RP) and other biochemical parameters in serum samples were measured using biochemical analyzer. Serum angiostatin levels were determined by Western blot. Association of serum angiostatin levels with total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and C-RP levels was evaluated.

KEY FINDINGS:

Simvastatin therapy improved the main parameters of lipid metabolism, including statistically significant (P < 0.05) reductions in TC (by 46%) and LDL-C (by 42%), and decreased inflammatory marker C-RP (by 32%), as compared with the baseline. Simvastatin treatment resulted in marked reduction of serum angiostatin level (by 80% in comparison with baseline, P < 0.05). Strong positive correlations between serum angiostatin level versus concentrations of TC, LDL-C, and C-RP were demonstrated before onset of the study (r = 0.48311, 0.6252, and 0.653, respectively) and after simvastatin therapy (r = 0.67752, 0.6485, and 0.8244, respectively).

SIGNIFICANCE:

We describe for the first time novel pleiotropic effect of statin therapy associated with decrease of serum angiostatin levels. Thus, circulating angiostatin represents an independent additional risk marker for cardiovascular events and could be applied as potential supplementary indicator for evaluation of statin therapy efficacy.

KEYWORDS:

Angiostatin; Atherosclerosis; C-reactive protein; Cholesterol; Ischemic heart disease; Lipoproteins; Simvastatin

PMID:
26032258
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2015.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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