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Can J Cardiol. 2015 Jul;31(7):860-72. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2015.01.015. Epub 2015 Jan 26.

Consequences of Circadian and Sleep Disturbances for the Cardiovascular System.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Research Group, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
2
Cardiovascular Research Group, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: tmartino@uoguelph.ca.

Abstract

Circadian rhythms play a crucial role in our cardiovascular system. Importantly, there has been a recent flurry of clinical and experimental studies revealing the profound adverse consequences of disturbing these rhythms on the cardiovascular system. For example, circadian disturbance worsens outcome after myocardial infarction with implications for patients in acute care settings. Moreover, disturbing rhythms exacerbates cardiac remodelling in heart disease models. Also, circadian dyssynchrony is a causal factor in the pathogenesis of heart disease. These discoveries have profound implications for the cardiovascular health of shift workers, individuals with circadian and sleep disorders, or anyone subjected to the 24/7 demands of society. Moreover, these studies give rise to 2 new frontiers for translational research: (1) circadian rhythms and the cardiac sarcomere, which sheds new light on our understanding of myofilament structure, signalling, and electrophysiology; and (2) knowledge translation, which includes biomarker discovery (chronobiomarkers), timing of therapies (chronotherapy), and other new promising approaches to improve the management and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Reconsidering circadian rhythms in the clinical setting benefits repair mechanisms, and offers new promise for patients.

PMID:
26031297
DOI:
10.1016/j.cjca.2015.01.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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