Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Drug Des Devel Ther. 2015 May 15;9:2677-85. doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S74518. eCollection 2015.

The usefulness of ozone treatment in spinal pain.

Author information

1
Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Università degli Studi di Siena, Italy.
2
Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this review is to elucidate the biochemical, molecular, immunological, and pharmaceutical mechanisms of action of ozone dissolved in biological fluids. Studies performed during the last two decades allow the drawing of a comprehensive framework for understanding and recommending the integration of ozone therapy for spinal pain.

METHODS:

An in-depth screening of primary sources of information online - via SciFinder Scholar, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases as well as Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews - was performed. In this review, the most significant papers of the last 25 years are presented and their proposals critically evaluated, regardless of the bibliometric impact of the journals.

RESULTS:

The efficacy of standard treatments combined with the unique capacity of ozone therapy to reactivate the innate antioxidant system is the key to correcting the oxidative stress typical of chronic inflammatory diseases. Pain pathways and control systems of algesic signals after ozone administration are described.

CONCLUSION:

This paper finds favors the full insertion of ozone therapy into pharmaceutical sciences, rather than as either an alternative or an esoteric approach.

KEYWORDS:

antioxidants; oxidants; oxidative stress

PMID:
26028964
PMCID:
PMC4440430
DOI:
10.2147/DDDT.S74518
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Dove Medical Press Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center