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Curr Biol. 2015 Jun 15;25(12):1573-82. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.04.038. Epub 2015 May 28.

Arp2/3 complex and cofilin modulate binding of tropomyosin to branched actin networks.

Author information

1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.
2
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: dyche@mullinslab.ucsf.edu.

Abstract

Tropomyosins are coiled-coil proteins that bind actin filaments and regulate multiple cytoskeletal functions, including actin network dynamics near the leading edge of motile cells. Previous work demonstrated that tropomyosins inhibit actin nucleation by the Arp2/3 complex and prevent filament disassembly by cofilin. We find that the Arp2/3 complex and cofilin, in turn, regulate the binding of tropomyosin to actin filaments. Using fluorescence microscopy, we show that tropomyosin (non-muscle Drosophila Tm1A) polymerizes along actin filaments, starting from "nuclei" that appear preferentially on ADP-bound regions of the filament, near the pointed end. Tropomyosin fails to bind dendritic actin networks created in vitro by the Arp2/3 complex, in part because the Arp2/3 complex blocks pointed ends. Cofilin promotes phosphate dissociation and severs filaments, generating new pointed ends and rendering Arp2/3-generated networks competent to bind tropomyosin. Tropomyosin's attraction to pointed ends reflects a strong preference for conformations localized to that region of the filament and reveals a basic molecular mechanism by which lamellipodial actin networks are insulated from the effects of tropomyosin.

PMID:
26028436
PMCID:
PMC4470865
DOI:
10.1016/j.cub.2015.04.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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