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Am Heart J. 2015 Jun;169(6):798-805.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2015.03.005. Epub 2015 Mar 13.

Centenarians and their hearts: A prospective registry with comprehensive geriatric assessment, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, and follow-up.

Author information

1
Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain; Universidad Europea de Madrid y Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Electronic address: mmselles@secardiologia.es.
2
Hospital de Manacor, Mallorca, Spain.
3
Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.
4
Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.
5
Hospital Clínico de San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.
6
Hospital del Sureste, Arganda del Rey, Madrid, Spain.
7
Hospital de Cáceres, Cáceres, Spain.
8
Hospital de Lugo, Lugo, Spain.
9
Hospital de Pontevedra, Pontevedra, Spain.
10
Hospital de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain.
11
Hospital Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Data on the cardiac characteristics of centenarians are scarce. Our aim was to describe electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiography in a cohort of centenarians and to correlate them with clinical data.

METHODS:

We used prospective multicenter registry of 118 centenarians (28 men) with a mean age of 101.5±1.7 years. Electrocardiogram was performed in 103 subjects (87.3%) and echocardiography in 100 (84.7%). All subjects underwent a follow-up for at least 6 months.

RESULTS:

Centenarians with abnormal ECG were less frequently females (72% vs 93%), had higher rates of previous consumption of tobacco (14% vs 0) and alcohol (24% vs 12%), and scored lower in the perception of health status (6.8±2.0 vs 8.3±6.8). Centenarians with significant abnormalities in echocardiography were less frequently able to walk 6 m (33% vs 54%). Atrial fibrillation/flutter was found in 27 subjects (26%). Mean left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction was 60.0±10.5%. Moderate or severe aortic valve stenosis was found in 16%, mitral valve regurgitation in 15%, and aortic valve regurgitation in 13%. Diastolic dysfunction was assessed in 79 subjects and was present in 55 (69.6%). Katz index and LV dilation were independently associated with the ability to walk 6 m. Age, Charlson and Katz indexes, and the presence of significant abnormalities in echocardiography were associated with mortality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Centenarians have frequent ECG alterations and abnormalities in echocardiography. More than one fifth has atrial fibrillation, and most have diastolic dysfunction. Left ventricular dilation was associated with the ability to walk 6 m. Significant abnormalities in echocardiography were associated with mortality.

PMID:
26027617
DOI:
10.1016/j.ahj.2015.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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