Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Bioorg Med Chem. 2015 Jul 1;23(13):3013-32. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2015.05.005. Epub 2015 May 13.

Structure-based design, synthesis and evaluation in vitro of arylnaphthyridinones, arylpyridopyrimidinones and their tetrahydro derivatives as inhibitors of the tankyrases.

Author information

1
Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy & Pharmacology, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK.
2
Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy & Pharmacology, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK; Department of Pharmacy, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China.
3
Biocenter Oulu and Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
4
Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy & Pharmacology, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK. Electronic address: m.d.threadgill@bath.ac.uk.

Abstract

The tankyrases are members of the PARP superfamily; they poly(ADP-ribosyl)ate their target proteins using NAD(+) as a source of electrophilic ADP-ribosyl units. The three principal protein substrates of the tankyrases (TRF1, NuMA and axin) are involved in replication of cancer cells; thus inhibitors of the tankyrases may have anticancer activity. Using structure-based drug design and by analogy with known 3-arylisoquinolin-1-one and 2-arylquinazolin-4-one inhibitors, series of arylnaphthyridinones, arylpyridinopyrimidinones and their tetrahydro-derivatives were synthesised and evaluated in vitro. 7-Aryl-1,6-naphthyridin-5-ones, 3-aryl-2,6-naphthyridin-1-ones and 3-aryl-2,7-naphthyridin-1-ones were prepared by acid-catalysed cyclisation of the corresponding arylethynylpyridinenitriles or reaction of bromopyridinecarboxylic acids with β-diketones, followed by treatment with NH3. The 7-aryl-1,6-naphthyridin-5-ones were methylated at 1-N and reduced to 7-aryl-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-5-ones. Cu-catalysed reaction of benzamidines with bromopyridinecarboxylic acids furnished 2-arylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ones. Condensation of benzamidines with methyl 1-benzyl-4-oxopiperidine-3-carboxylate and deprotection gave 2-aryl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ones, aza analogues of the known inhibitor XAV939. Introduction of the ring-N in the arylnaphthyridinones and the arylpyridopyrimidinones caused >1000-fold loss in activity, compared with their carbocyclic isoquinolinone and quinazolinone analogues. However, the 7-aryl-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-5-ones showed excellent inhibition of the tankyrases, with some examples having IC50=2nM. One compound (7-(4-bromophenyl)-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-5-one) showed 70-fold selectivity for inhibition of tankyrase-2 versus tankyrase-1. The mode of binding was explored through crystal structures of inhibitors in complex with tankyrase-2.

KEYWORDS:

7-Aryl-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-5-one; Crystal structure; Naphthyridinone; TNKS; Tankyrase

PMID:
26026769
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2015.05.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center