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Bioresour Technol. 2015 Sep;192:172-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.05.061. Epub 2015 May 22.

Density of biogas digestate depending on temperature and composition.

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Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Thermodynamics, Universitätsstr. 150, D-44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address:
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Thermodynamics, Universitätsstr. 150, D-44801 Bochum, Germany.


Density is one of the most important physical properties of biogas digestate to ensure an optimal dimensioning and a precise design of biogas plant components like stirring devices, pumps and heat exchangers. In this study the density of biogas digestates with different compositions was measured using pycnometers at ambient pressure in a temperature range from 293.15 to 313.15K. The biogas digestates were taken from semi-continuous experiments, in which the marine microalga Nannochloropsis salina, corn silage and a mixture of both were used as feedstocks. The results show an increase of density with increasing total solid content and a decrease with increasing temperature. Three equations to calculate the density of biogas digestate were set up depending on temperature as well as on the total solid content, organic composition and elemental composition, respectively. All correlations show a relative deviation below 1% compared to experimental data.


Biogas digestate; Composition; Density; Fermenter; Total solid content

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