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Autism. 2015 Oct;19(7):785-93. doi: 10.1177/1362361315585643. Epub 2015 May 27.

Longitudinal patterns of employment and postsecondary education for adults with autism and average-range IQ.

Author information

1
Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, USA Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, USA Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, USA Julie.l.taylor@vanderbilt.edu.
2
Vanderbilt Kennedy Center, USA.
3
Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Abstract

This study examined correlates of participation in postsecondary education and employment over 12 years for 73 adults with autism spectrum disorders and average-range IQ whose families were part of a larger, longitudinal study. Correlates included demographic (sex, maternal education, paternal education), behavioral (activities of daily living, maladaptive behaviors, autism symptoms), and family (size of maternal social network; maternal depressive symptoms, anxiety, and pessimism) factors. Although two-thirds of adults with autism spectrum disorder participated in competitive employment/postsecondary education during the study, fewer than 25% maintained these activities over the study period. Behavioral characteristics distinguished those who never had competitive employment/postsecondary education from those who sometimes or consistently participated in these activities. Women were considerably less likely than men to maintain employment/postsecondary education over time.

KEYWORDS:

adult; autism spectrum disorder; employment; longitudinal; postsecondary education

PMID:
26019306
PMCID:
PMC4581899
DOI:
10.1177/1362361315585643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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