Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nature. 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):179-84. doi: 10.1038/nature14493. Epub 2015 May 27.

Chromothripsis from DNA damage in micronuclei.

Author information

1
1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [3] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [4] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
2
1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.
3
1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
4
1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.
5
1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [3] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, USA.
6
1] Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3] Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4] Center for Cancer Genome Discovery, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.
7
1] Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [3] Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA [4] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815, USA.

Abstract

Genome sequencing has uncovered a new mutational phenomenon in cancer and congenital disorders called chromothripsis. Chromothripsis is characterized by extensive genomic rearrangements and an oscillating pattern of DNA copy number levels, all curiously restricted to one or a few chromosomes. The mechanism for chromothripsis is unknown, but we previously proposed that it could occur through the physical isolation of chromosomes in aberrant nuclear structures called micronuclei. Here, using a combination of live cell imaging and single-cell genome sequencing, we demonstrate that micronucleus formation can indeed generate a spectrum of genomic rearrangements, some of which recapitulate all known features of chromothripsis. These events are restricted to the mis-segregated chromosome and occur within one cell division. We demonstrate that the mechanism for chromothripsis can involve the fragmentation and subsequent reassembly of a single chromatid from a micronucleus. Collectively, these experiments establish a new mutational process of which chromothripsis is one extreme outcome.

PMID:
26017310
PMCID:
PMC4742237
DOI:
10.1038/nature14493
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center