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Mol Ther. 2015 Aug;23(8):1401-1409. doi: 10.1038/mt.2015.91. Epub 2015 May 28.

Long-term Outcome of Extranodal NK/T Cell Lymphoma Patients Treated With Postremission Therapy Using EBV LMP1 and LMP2a-specific CTLs.

Author information

1
Department of Hematology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; Institute for Translational Research and Molecular Imaging, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; Catholic Lymphoma Study Group (CULG), Catholic Institute of Cell Therapy, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
2
Institute for Translational Research and Molecular Imaging, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Microbiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Medical Lifescience, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
5
Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
6
Department of Microbiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; Cancer Research Institute, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
7
Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
8
Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
9
Department of Pathology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
10
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
11
Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
12
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
13
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
14
Department of Hematology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
15
Department of Medical Oncology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
16
Department of Microbiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address: kimtg@catholic.ac.kr.

Abstract

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) is associated with latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and frequent relapse even after complete response (CR) to intensive chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The expression of EBV proteins in the tumor provides targets for adoptive immunotherapy with antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTL). To evaluate the efficacy and safety of EBV latent membrane protein (LMP)-1 and LMP-2a-specific CTLs (LMP1/2a CTLs) stimulated with LMP1/2a RNA-transferred dendritic cells, we treated 10 ENKTCL patients who showed complete response to induction therapy. Patients who completed and responded to chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and/or high-dose therapy followed by stem cell transplantation (HDT/SCT) were eligible to receive eight doses of 2 × 10(7) LMP1/2a CTLs/m(2). Following infusion, there were no immediate or delayed toxicities. The 4-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 100%, and 90% (95% CI: 71.4 to 100%) respectively with a median follow-up of 55·5 months. Circulating IFN-γ secreting LMP1 and LMP2a-specific T cells within the peripheral blood corresponded with decline in plasma EBV DNA levels in patients. Adoptive transfer of LMP1/2a CTLs in ENKTCL patients is a safe and effective postremission therapeutic approach. Further randomized studies will be needed to define the role of EBV-CTLs in preventing relapse of ENKTCL.

PMID:
26017177
PMCID:
PMC4817864
DOI:
10.1038/mt.2015.91
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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