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Fam Community Health. 2015 Jul-Sep;38(3):216-26. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000071.

Trauma informed care in medicine: current knowledge and future research directions.

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Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry (Dr Raja) and Department of Family Medicine (Dr Hasnain), University of Illinois at Chicago; US Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health, Region V, Chicago, Illinois (Ms Hoersch); Pritzker School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Gove-Yin); and Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, New Jersey (Ms Rajagopalan).


Traumatic events (including sexual abuse, domestic violence, elder abuse, and combat trauma) are associated with long-term physical and psychological effects. These events may influence patients' health care experiences and engagement in preventative care. Although the term trauma-informed care (TIC) is widely used, it is not well understood how to apply this concept in daily health care practice. On the basis of a synthesis of a review of the literature, the TIC pyramid is a conceptual and operational framework that can help physicians translate TIC principles into interactions with patients. Implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed in this article.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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