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Sci Rep. 2015 May 27;5:9833. doi: 10.1038/srep09833.

Novel insights into the pathogenicity of epidemic Aeromonas hydrophila ST251 clones from comparative genomics.

Author information

1
College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
2
Bioinformatics Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
3
1] Bioinformatics Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China [2] School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 999077, China.

Abstract

Outbreaks in fish of motile Aeromonad septicemia (MAS) caused by Aeromonas hydrophila have caused a great concern worldwide. Here, for the first time, we provide two complete genomes of epidemic A. hydrophila strains isolated in China. To gain an insight into the pathogenicity of epidemic A. hydrophila, we performed comparative genomic analyses of five epidemic strains belonging to sequence type (ST) 251, together with the environmental strain ATCC 7966(T). We found that the known virulence factors, including a type III secretion system, a type VI secretion system and lateral flagella, are not required for the high virulence of the ST251 clonal group. Additionally, our work identifies three utilization pathways for myo-inositol, sialic acid and L-fucose providing clues regarding the factors that underlie the epidemic and virulent nature of ST251 A. hydrophila. Based on the geographical distribution and biological resources of the ST251 clonal group, we conclude that ST251 is a high-risk clonal group of A. hydrophila which may be responsible for the MAS outbreaks in China and the southeastern United States.

PMID:
26014286
PMCID:
PMC4444815
DOI:
10.1038/srep09833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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