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J Community Genet. 2015 Jul;6(3):251-7. doi: 10.1007/s12687-015-0239-z. Epub 2015 May 27.

Neurogenetics in Peru: clinical, scientific and ethical perspectives.

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1
Neurogenetics Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Neurologicas, 1271 Ancash Street, Barrios Altos, Lima, Peru, mario.cornejo.o@incngen.org.pe.

Abstract

Neurogenetics, the science that studies the genetic basis of the development and function of the nervous system, is a discipline of recent development in Peru, an emerging Latin American country. Herein, we review the clinical, scientific and ethical aspects regarding the development of this discipline, starting with the first molecular diagnosis of neurogenetic diseases, to family and population-based genetic association studies. Neurogenetics in Peru aims to better explain the epidemiology of monogenic and complex neurodegenerative disorders that will help in implementing public health policies for these disorders. The characterization of Peru and its health system, legal issues regarding rare diseases and the historical milestones in neurogenetics are also discussed.

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