Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Spinal Cord Med. 2015 May;38(3):366-76. doi: 10.1179/2045772315Y.0000000016.

Measuring resilience after spinal cord injury: Development, validation and psychometric characteristics of the SCI-QOL Resilience item bank and short form.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the development and psychometric properties of the Spinal Cord Injury--Quality of Life (SCI-QOL) Resilience item bank and short form.

DESIGN:

Using a mixed-methods design, we developed and tested a resilience item bank through the use of focus groups with individuals with SCI and clinicians with expertise in SCI, cognitive interviews, and item-response theory based analytic approaches, including tests of model fit and differential item functioning (DIF).

SETTING:

We tested a 32-item pool at several medical institutions across the United States, including the University of Michigan, Kessler Foundation, the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, the University of Washington, Craig Hospital and the James J. Peters/Bronx Department of Veterans Affairs medical center.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 717 individuals with SCI completed the Resilience items.

RESULTS:

A unidimensional model was observed (CFI=0.968; RMSEA=0.074) and measurement precision was good (theta range between -3.1 and 0.9). Ten items were flagged for DIF, however, after examination of effect sizes we found this to be negligible with little practical impact on score estimates. The final calibrated item bank resulted in 21 retained items.

CONCLUSION:

This study indicates that the SCI-QOL Resilience item bank represents a psychometrically robust measurement tool. Short form items are also suggested and computer adaptive tests are available.

KEYWORDS:

Patient outcomes assessment; Psychological resilience; Psychometrics; Quality of life; Spinal cord injuries

PMID:
26010971
PMCID:
PMC4445027
DOI:
10.1179/2045772315Y.0000000016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center