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Lancet. 2015 May 23;385(9982):2096-106. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60971-0.

Care of diabetes in children and adolescents: controversies, changes, and consensus.

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Centre for Hormone Research, Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Children's Research Institute and Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Paediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:


Diabetes is one of the most common chronic medical disorders in children. The management of diabetes remains a substantial burden on children with diabetes and their families, despite improvements in treatment and rates of morbidity and mortality. Although most children with diabetes have type 1 diabetes, the increasing recognition of type 2 diabetes and genetic forms of diabetes in the paediatric population has important treatment implications. Diabetes therapy focuses strongly on targets for good metabolic control to reduce the risk of long-term complications. A parallel goal is to minimise short-term complications of hypoglycaemia and diabetic ketoacidosis. Technology offers opportunity for improvement in care, but has not yet fully lived up to its potential. New insights into the pathogenesis of diabetes and the development of new therapies have led to clinical trials aimed at the prevention of diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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