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J Periodontol. 1989 Aug;60(8):473-7.

The effectiveness of a counter-rotary action powered toothbrush and conventional toothbrush on plaque removal and gingival bleeding. A short term study.

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Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Missouri-Kansas City.


Initial investigations have demonstrated the effectiveness of a new contra-rotary powered electric toothbrush in removing plaque supragingivally, subgingivally, and interproximally following a single use. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a counter-rotary toothbrush following 1) one time instruction, 2) reinstruction and 1 week practice; and 3) a third instruction and 3 weeks of practice and home use. Twenty-four patients were studied; 12 using the counter-rotary toothbrush and 12 using a conventional toothbrush. Using O'Leary and Turesky plaque indices, both brushes significantly reduced supragingival plaque from baseline at all intervals. The counter-rotary brush, however, was more efficient than the conventional brush at all intervals (P less than 0.01). Using a Surface Area Plaque Index, both brushes significantly reduced supragingival plaque from baseline at all intervals but there were no significant differences between brushes. A timed bleeding index showed significant reduction in gingival bleeding following 28 days of brushing with both brushes. Again, the counter-rotary toothbrush was superior to the conventional toothbrush (P less than 0.01).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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