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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015 May 22;12(5):5657-84. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120505657.

Triclosan: current status, occurrence, environmental risks and bioaccumulation potential.

Author information

1
INRS-ETE, Université du Québec, 490, Rue de la Couronne, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada. garrydhillons9@gmail.com.
2
INRS-ETE, Université du Québec, 490, Rue de la Couronne, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada. surinder_dhillons@yahoo.ca.
3
Department of Mycology & Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi-221005, India. surinder_dhillons@yahoo.ca.
4
INRS-ETE, Université du Québec, 490, Rue de la Couronne, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada. Pulicharla.Rama@ete.inrs.ca.
5
INRS-ETE, Université du Québec, 490, Rue de la Couronne, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada. satinder.brar@ete.inrs.ca.
6
INRS-ETE, Université du Québec, 490, Rue de la Couronne, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada. Maximiliano.Cledon@ete.inrs.ca.
7
CONICET-IIMyC, National Council of Scientific and Technical Research, C1033AAJ Buenos Aires, Argentina. Maximiliano.Cledon@ete.inrs.ca.
8
CO2 Solutions Inc., 2300, Rue Jean-Perrin, Québec, QC G2C 1T9, Canada. mausamverma@yahoo.com.
9
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, N104 SEC P.O. Box 886105, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA. surampalli.rao@giees.org.

Abstract

Triclosan (TCS) is a multi-purpose antimicrobial agent used as a common ingredient in everyday household personal care and consumer products. The expanded use of TCS provides a number of pathways for the compound to enter the environment and it has been detected in sewage treatment plant effluents; surface; ground and drinking water. The physico-chemical properties indicate the bioaccumulation and persistence potential of TCS in the environment. Hence, there is an increasing concern about the presence of TCS in the environment and its potential negative effects on human and animal health. Nevertheless, scarce monitoring data could be one reason for not prioritizing TCS as emerging contaminant. Conventional water and wastewater treatment processes are unable to completely remove the TCS and even form toxic intermediates. Considering the worldwide application of personal care products containing TCS and inefficient removal and its toxic effects on aquatic organisms, the compound should be considered on the priority list of emerging contaminants and its utilization in all products should be regulated.

KEYWORDS:

degradation by-products; dioxins; emerging contaminants; personal care products; toxicity; triclosan

PMID:
26006133
PMCID:
PMC4454990
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph120505657
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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