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Lab Invest. 2015 Aug;95(8):925-36. doi: 10.1038/labinvest.2015.74. Epub 2015 Jun 1.

Fibrin supports human fetal islet-epithelial cell differentiation via p70(s6k) and promotes vascular formation during transplantation.

Author information

1
1] Children's Health Research Institute, London, Ontario, Canada [2] Department of Pathology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
2
1] Children's Health Research Institute, London, Ontario, Canada [2] Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
4
1] Children's Health Research Institute, London, Ontario, Canada [2] Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada [3] Department of Medicine, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The human fetal pancreas expresses a variety of extracellular matrix (ECM) binding receptors known as integrins. A provisional ECM protein found in blood clots that can bind to integrin receptors and promote β cell function and survival is fibrin. However, its role in support of human fetal pancreatic cells is unknown. We investigated how fibrin promotes human fetal pancreatic cell differentiation in vitro and in vivo. Human fetal pancreata were collected from 15 to 21 weeks of gestation and collagenase digested. Cells were then plated on tissue-culture polystyrene, or with 2D or 3D fibrin gels up to 2 weeks, or subcutaneously transplanted in 3D fibrin gels. The human fetal pancreas contained rich ECM proteins and expressed integrin αVβ3. Fibrin-cultured human fetal pancreatic cells had significantly increased expression of PDX-1, glucagon, insulin, and VEGF-A, along with increased integrin αVβ3 and phosphorylated FAK and p70(s6k). Fibrin-cultured cells treated with rapamycin, the mTOR pathway inhibitor, had significantly decreased phospho-p70(s6k) and PDX-1 expression. Transplanting fibrin-mixed cells into nude mice improved vascularization compared with collagen controls. These results suggest that fibrin supports islet cell differentiation via p70(s6k) and promotes vascularization in human fetal islet-epithelial clusters in vivo.

PMID:
26006020
DOI:
10.1038/labinvest.2015.74
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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