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Nutrition. 2015 Jul-Aug;31(7-8):1052-3. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2015.02.002. Epub 2015 Feb 14.

Antibiotic overuse and Clostridium difficile infections: the Indian paradox and the possible role of dietary practices.

Author information

1
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, India. Electronic address: icudoctor@gmail.com.
2
Division of Surgical Critical Care, Stroger Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

Antibiotic abuse is rampant in India, such that one may expect to see an increase of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI). However, we found that the incidence of CDI in India (1.67%) is no different from that reported in USA (1.6%) using similar techniques of detection (polymerase chain reaction test). We offer a possible explanation for this paradox. It is likely that a diet rich in fiber, yogurt, and possibly turmeric may have a protective role in decreasing the incidence of CDIs in India.

KEYWORDS:

Antibiotic overuse; Clostridium difficile infections; Dietary fiber; Probiotics; Turmeric; Yoghurt

PMID:
26004192
DOI:
10.1016/j.nut.2015.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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