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J Perianesth Nurs. 2015 Jun;30(3):228-35. doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2014.05.011.

The effect of combined stimulation of external cold and vibration during immunization on pain and anxiety levels in children.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Procedures involving needles are the most common and major sources of pain in children. External cold and vibration via Buzzy (MMJ Labs, Atlanta, GA) is a method that combines cooling and vibration.

DESIGN:

This study investigated the effect of the combined stimulation of skin with external cold and vibration via Buzzy on the pain and anxiety levels in children during immunization.

METHODS:

This study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial. Children were randomized into two groups: experimental (external cold and Buzzy) and control (no intervention). The pain and anxiety levels of the children were assessed using the Wong-Baker FACES scale and Children Fear Scale.

FINDING:

The experimental group showed significantly lower pain and anxiety levels than the control group during immunization.

CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

The combined stimulation of skin with external cold and vibration can be used to reduce pain and anxiety during pediatric immunization.

KEYWORDS:

Buzzy; external cold and vibration; pediatric immunization; pediatric nursing; procedural pain and anxiety

PMID:
26003770
DOI:
10.1016/j.jopan.2014.05.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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