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AIDS Care. 2015;27(9):1196-8. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1039957. Epub 2015 May 22.

Male circumcision for HIV prevention in India: emerging viewpoints and practices of health care providers.

Author information

1
a Indian Council of Medical Research , New Delhi , India.
2
b National AIDS Research Institute , Pune , India.
3
c Pondicherry University , Puducherry , India.
4
d Tata Institute of Social Sciences , Mumbai , India.
5
e LLRM Medical College , Meerut , India.
6
f Regional Medical Research Institute , Belgaum , India.
7
g National Institute of Epidemiology , Chennai , India.

Abstract

A compelling case for promoting male circumcision (MC) as an intervention for reducing the risk of heterosexually acquired HIV infection was made by dissemination of the results of three studies in Africa. The WHO/UNAIDS recommendation for MC for countries like India, where the epidemic in concentrated in high-risk groups, advocates MC for specific population groups such as men at higher risk for HIV acquisition. A multicentre qualitative study was conducted in four geographically distinct districts (Belgaum, Kolkata, Meerut and Mumbai) in India during June 2009 to June 2011. Two categories of health care providers: Registered Healthcare Providers (RHCPs) and traditional circumcisers were interviewed by trained research staff who had received master's level education using interview guides with probes and open-ended questions. Respondents were selected using purposive sampling. A comparative analysis of the perspectives of the RHCP vs. traditional circumcisers is presented. Representatives of both categories of providers expressed the need for Indian data on MC. Providers feared that promoting circumcision might jeopardize/undermine the progress already made in the field of condom promotion. Reservation was expressed regarding its adoption by Hindus. Behavioural disinhibition was perceived as an important limitation. A contrast in the practice of circumcision was apparent between the traditional and the trained providers. MC should be mentioned as a part of comprehensive HIV prevention services in India that includes HIV counselling and testing, condom distribution and diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. It should become an issue of informed personal choice rather than ethnic identity.

KEYWORDS:

India; health care providers; male circumcision; perspectives; practices; prevention

PMID:
26001127
DOI:
10.1080/09540121.2015.1039957
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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